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United Nations Millennium Development Goals
How Cuba compares to its neighbors


BEST BOOK
Cuba: A Revolution in Motion by Isaac Saney. ISBN 1842773631, 240 pp. First edition sold out! Cuba scholar Saney explores island history, government, democracy, race relations, justice and the future better than any other to date. Must read!

In 2000, the U.N. developed a framework of eight goals to measure progress based on "sustainable economic growth, with a focus on the poor, and with human rights at the center." For over four decades the U.S. Blockade of Cuba has attempted to prevent the island's realization and development of everyone of these U.N. objectives. N/A means data "not available."

United Nations Millennium Development Goals

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
Achieve Universal Primary Education
Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
Reduce Child Mortality
Improve Maternal Health
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Develop a Global Partnership for Development

U.N. GOAL 1 – ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER

Human Poverty Index (2002) Lower is better

4.1%

n/a

9.4%

12.2%

8.9%

20.5%

42.3%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 2003 Human Development Indicators and Project On Human Development

Deaths from Nutritional Marasmus Nutritional atrophy, severe calorie deficiency, severe malnutrition. Lower is better

In 1995*

In 1993

In 1995

In 1992

In 1994

n/a

n/a

4

173

793

761

37

n/a

n/a

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

*At the height of the "special period" when Cuba's economy was 65% of that of 1989. The U.S. Blockade prevented food stuffs and vitamins from entering the country. This malady no long exists in Cuba. Source: United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 2003 Human Development Indicators and Project On Human Development

U.N. GOAL 2 – ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION

Percentage of Pupils Starting Grade 1 Who Reach Grade 5 (1999) Higher is better

95.3%

90.3%

88.5%

n/a

66.6%

n/a

n/a

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

Youth Literacy Rate Ages 15-24 (2003) Includes youths physically unable to read. Higher is better

99.8%

98.7%

97.4%

95.8%

97.3%

86.4%

67.0%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

U.N. GOAL 3 – PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN

Female Adult Literacy Rate (2000) Includes older women and those physically unable to read. Higher is better

96.6%

96.8%

89.5%

85.4%

91.7%

74.5%

47.8%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Development Reports from the U.N.'s Development Program

Women in Parliamentary Seats (2003) Higher is better

36%

31.3%

15.9%

9%

12.2%

6%

4%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

U.N. GOAL 4 – REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY

Under Age 5 Mortality Rate per 1000 Births (2002) Lower is better

9

19

29

37

23

42

127

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

Infant Mortality Rate per 1000 Live Births (2002) Lower is better

7

16

24

33

19

32

79

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

U.N. GOAL 5 – IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH

Maternity Mortality Rate per 100,000 Live Births (2000) Lower is better

33

82

83

260

130

100

680

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

Proportion of Births Attended by Skilled Health Personnel (2002) Higher is better

100%

98%

86%

88%

86%

54%

24%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

U.N. GOAL 6 – COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES

Number of Children Orphaned by HIV/AIDS (at 2001) Lower is better

1000

25000

27000

13000

21000

200000

14000

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Tuberculosis Prevalence Rate per 100,000 People (2000) Lower is better

6

32

23

46

32

58

192

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

U.N. GOAL 7 – ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

Ratio of Area Protected to Maintain Biological Diversity to Surface Area (1997) Higher is better

0.17

0.03

0.08

0.06

0.08

0.10

0.00

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

Proportion of Population with Access to Improved Sanitation – Urban and Rural Connection to a public sewer, connection to septic system, pour-flush latrine, simple pit latrine, ventilated improved pit latrine. Higher is better

98%

82%

74%

76%

86%

75%

28%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

U.N. GOAL 8 – DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT

Percentage of Population with Access to Essential Drugs (1997) Note: The U.S. Blockade prevents many essential pharmaceuticals from entering the island. Cuba overcomes this condition by producing many of its own pharmaceuticals and sharing them with other Third World countries at a fraction of the cost of those produced by industrial nations. Higher is better

95%

95%

80%

80%

95%

50%

50%

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators

Telephone Lines and Cellular Subscribers per 100 People (2001-2002) Note: The U.S. Blockade prevents telecommunication, computers and radio technologies from entering Cuba. Higher is better

5.19

39.64

40.12

42.38

28.56

9.69

3.25

Cuba

Argentina

México

Brazil

Colombia

Honduras

Haiti

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, Millennium Indicators




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